10 Recommendations to Keep Sleeping Baby Safe
More than 3,500 babies in the U.S. die suddenly and unexpectedly every year while sleeping, often due to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or accidental deaths from suffocation or strangulation.
Although there is no 100% way to prevent SIDS, there is a lot you can do lower your baby’s risk. Since the American Academy of Pediatrics issued its safe sleep recommendations in 1992 and launched its "Back to Sleep" campaign in 1994, the SIDS rate has dropped more than 60%.In 2015, the CDC noted 39.4 deaths per 100,000 live births compared to 154.5 deaths in 1990.
- Put sleeping babieson their backuntil their first birthday
Baby’s risk of SIDS is much higher any time they sleep on their side or stomach. (A baby placed on their side can roll over on their stomach.) These positions put your baby’s face in the mattress or sleeping area, which can smother them.
Therefore , every time you put your baby in their bed to sleep -- for naps, at night, or any time -- lay them down on their back. Don’t let them sleep in a stroller, car seat, baby seat or swing for a prolonged period of time. Get them out and lay them on a flat surface or bed.
Some babies may roll onto their stomachs. You should always place your baby to sleep on the back, but if your baby is comfortable rolling both ways (back to tummy, tummy to back), then you do not have to return your baby to the back (usually happens from 6 months to 1 year). However, be sure that there are no blankets, pillows, stuffed toys, or bumper pads around your baby, so that your baby does not roll into any of those items, which could block airflow.
- Use a firm sleep surface
To prevent smothering or suffocation, always lay your baby down to sleep on either a firm mattress or surface in a crib or bassinet. All your baby’s crib needs is the fitted sheet -- don't put blankets, quilts, pillows, sheepskin, stuffed toys, or crib bumpers in your baby's crib. recommended along with a tight-fitting, firm mattress and fitted sheet designed for that particular product.
- Only bring your baby into your bed to feed or comfort
Place your baby back in his or her own sleep space when you are ready to go to sleep. If there is any possibility that you might fall asleep, make sure there are no pillows, sheets, blankets, or any other items that could cover your baby's face, head, and neck, or overheat your baby. As soon as you wake up, be sure to move the baby to his or her own bed.
- Keep the sleeping babies with mom in the same room but do not share the same bed
When a baby sleeps in the same room as mom, studies show it lowers the risk of SIDS. But it's dangerous for a baby to sleep with another one in the same bed, in an armchair, and on a couch.
If you bring your baby into your bed for comforting or breastfeeding, be sure to put the baby back in their own cradle, bassinet, or crib when you're ready to sleep. If you are tired, don’t breastfeed while sitting in a chair or on a couch in case you fall asleep.
5、Other prohibitions make bed-sharing inadvisable
Your baby is younger than 4 months old.
Your baby was born prematurely or with low birth weight.
You or any other person in the bed is a smoker (even if you do not smoke in bed).
The mother of the baby somked by having baby.
You have taken any medicines or drugs that might make it harder for you to wake up.
You drank any alcohol.
You are not the baby's parent.
6、Keep soft objects, loose bedding, or any objects that could increase the risk of entrapment, suffocation, or strangulation out of the baby's sleep area
These include pillows, quilts, comforters, sheepskins, blankets, toys, bumper pads or similar products that attach to crib slats or sides. If you are worried about your baby getting cold, you can use infant sleep clothing, such as a wearable blanket. In general, your baby should be dressed with only one layer more than you are wearing.
7、Do not let your child fall asleep on nursing pillows or pillow-like lounging pads
Babies may roll over onto their sides or stomachs and turn their heads into the soft fabric. Or, when propped up on an incline against the pillow or lounger, their heads can fall forward, blocking their airway. The CPSC warns that more than two dozen infants died between 2012 and 2018 when left on or near these products.
- Swaddlingyour babyis fine if it is not overheated
However, make sure that the baby is always on his or her back when swaddled. The swaddle should not be too tight or make it hard for the baby to breathe or move his or her hips. When your baby looks like he or she is trying to roll over, you should stop swaddling.
- Try giving a pacifier at nap time and bedtime
Putting your baby to sleep with a pacifier (no matter what type of sleep) may also help prevent SIDS, though researchers aren't sure why. There are a few tips to follow when using a pacifier:
If you're breastfeeding, wait until your baby is breastfeeding regularly (at least 1 month old) before starting to use a pacifier. Introducing a pacifier too soon can lead to nipple confusion and cause your baby to prefer the pacifier's nipple over your own.
Don't force your baby to take the pacifier if they don't want it.
Put the pacifier in your baby's mouth when you put them down to sleep, but don't put it back in their mouth after they fall asleep.
Keep the pacifier clean, and buy a new one if the nipple is damaged.
Don't coat the pacifier with honey, alcohol, or any other substance.
- Make sure your baby has tummy time while awake every day
Awake tummy time should be supervised by an awake adult. This helps with baby's motor development and prevents flat head syndrome.